The evolution of fashion trends throughout history: Analyzing the factors influencing change

Fashion is a style of dress that is popular currently. It also includes accessories, jewelry, handbags, footwear, hats, and more. It keeps changing and evolving. That’s what we call fashion trends. In another way, a fashion trend is an evolving way of dressing, styling, or behaving. It starts with individual items and colors, eventually shaping an overall look and dressing style.

If you are an aspiring fashion designer, you need to understand the fashion evolution. It allows you to stay current and find inspiration. It also helps you create innovative designs that resonate with the ever-changing tastes of your audience. As the top B Des in fashion design college in Pune, we will explore the evolution of fashion trends and analyze the factors influencing them.

History of Early Fashion

Fashion design has been around since ancient times, like in Ancient Rome and Egypt. In these places, what people wore showed their status. Rich people wore fancy, colorful clothes, while poor people wore plain, cheap clothes. Poor people had to make their own clothes, so they had to be practical for working. In Ancient Rome, women wore long dresses and men wore togas. 

Industrial Revolution and Fashion

In the 1780s, the Industrial Revolution began and machines began producing clothing instead of people. This made clothes faster and cheaper to make. Clothing made by artisans became more special and unique. As time passed, fashion houses started to appear. These were companies that made fashionable clothing and accessories. They created new styles and trends that people started to follow. Thus, marking the rise of fashion trends.

Evolution of Modern Fashion

  • 20th Century Fashion Trends

The 20th century witnessed a remarkable fashion evolution characterized by rapid changes and shifting trends.  In the 1920s, women started wearing new and different clothes that were shorter and had a lower waist. In the 1950s, clothes with an hourglass shape became popular. The 1960s saw the rise of counterculture fashion, with bohemian styles, tie-dye prints, and maxi dresses, reflecting peace and free-spiritedness. This is when modern fashion history began.

  • Contemporary Fashion Trends

Fast fashion became popular in the 21st century or contemporary fashion world because of the internet and new technologies. In the early 2000s, bohemian clothing became popular, with maxi skirts and shirts that were not the same on both sides being trendy. In the 2010s, fashion rules became less strict. Social media has also had a big impact on fashion, with trends like ‘seasonal trends’ and ‘street-style fashion’ being influenced by what people see on social media.

Factors Influencing Change in Fashion Trends 

1. Demographic Structure: Demographic structure means how many people of different ages live in an area. If there are more young people, they like to try new fashion trends. But if there are more older people, they may not like the new trend. This can affect which fashion designs become popular. 

2. Celebrity Influence: When famous people like movie stars and models start wearing a certain type of clothing, it becomes popular among young people. They look up to these celebrities and want to dress like them, so they copy their style. 

3. Socio-cultural Practices: Cultural influences play a vital role in shaping the way people dress in a particular place. So, if a society prefers formal or traditional clothing, new fashion designs may not become popular there.4. Income of the People: Sometimes, the latest trendy fashion designs can be very expensive, and not everyone can afford them. This is because the price of these items is too high for many people’s budgets.


In conclusion, fashion trends come and go, but the fashion industry itself remains ever-evolving.  With countless styles, colors, and patterns waiting to be discovered, there is always something new on the horizon. So, if you are someone who has a flair for fashion and design, then perhaps pursuing a B Des in fashion design could be your calling. As one of the best B Des fashion design colleges in Pune, MIT Institute of Design offers a comprehensive and enriching fashion design course that will shape your creative instincts. Embrace your passion and embark on an extraordinary fashion journey with MITID. Start today!


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